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2023年考研英語(yǔ)一部分參考答案及解析!點(diǎn)擊查看

來(lái)源:考研招生網(wǎng) liuhuimin 2022-12-26
  2023年考研英語(yǔ)一全國統一卷真題答案出爐!考后第一件事就是對答案,了解自己大概對了多少,錯了多少,以便為后續做準備,為此高頓小編特意為大家準備了英語(yǔ)一英語(yǔ)知識運用的真題及答案解析。
2023年考研英語(yǔ)一部分參考答案及解析
  2023年全國碩士研究生招生考試(英語(yǔ)一)參考答案及解析
  SectionⅠUse of English(英語(yǔ)知識運用部分)
  Caravanserais were roadside inns that were built along the Silk Road in areas including China,North Africa and the Middle East.They were typically __1_ outside the walls of a city or village and were usually funded by governments of _2__.
  This word“Caravanserais”is a __3__ of the Persian word“karvan”,which means a group of travellers or a caravan,and seray,a palace or enclosed building.The Perm caravan was used to __4__ groups of people who travelled together across the ancient network for safety reasons,__5__ merchants,travellers or pilgrims.
  From the 10th century onwards,as merchant and travel routes become more developed,the __6__ of the Caravanserais increased and they served as a safe place for people to rest at night.Travellers on the Silk Road __7__ possibility of being attacked by thieves or being __8__ to extreme conditions.For this reason,Caravanserais were strategically placed __9__ they could be reached in a day’s travel time.
  Caravanserais served as an informal __10__ point for the various people who travelled the Silk Road.__11__,those structures became important centers for culture __12__ and interaction,with travelers sharing their cultures,ideas and beliefs,__13__ talking knowledge with them,greatly __14__ the development of several civilizations.
  Caravanserais were also an important marketplace for commodities and __15__ in the trade of goods along the Silk Road.__16__,it was frequently the first stop merchants looking to sell their wares and __17__ supplies for their own journeys.It is __18__ that around 120000 to 15000 caravanserais were built along the Silk Road,__19__ only about 3000 are known to remain today,many of which are in __20__.
  1.A.displayed   B.occupied   C.located  D.equipped
  2.A.privately  B.regularly  C.respectively  D.permanently
  3.A.definition  B.transition  C.substitution  D.combination
  4.A.classify  B.record  C.describe D.connect
  5.A.apart from  B.instead of  C.such as  D.along with
  6.A.construction  B.restoration  C.impression  D.evaluation
  7.A.doubted  B.faced C.accepted  D.reduced
  8.A.assigned B.subjected  C.accustomed  D.opposed
  9.A.so that  B.even if  C.now that  D.in case
  10.A.talking  B.starting C.breaking  D.meeting
  11.A.by the way  B.on occasion  C.in comparison  D.As a result
  12.A.heritage  B.revival  C.exchange  D.status
  13.A.with regard to  B.in spite of C.as well as  D.in line with
  14.A.completing  B.influencing  C.resuming  D.pioneering
  15.A.aided  B.invested  C.failed  D.competed
  16.A.Rather  B.Indeed  C.otherwise  D.However
  17.A.go in for  B.standard up for C.lose in on  D.stock up on
  18.A.believed  B.predicted  C.recalled  D.implied
  19.A.until  B.because  C.unless  D.although
  20.A.ruins B.debt  C.fashion  D.series
  【1】C.
  located后面outside the walls of a city or village表示位置只有located可以后接地址,表示坐落在……地方
  【2】A
  privately此處副詞修飾前面的fund,帶入只有privately私下資助更為合理
  【3】D.
  combination空后面接了of the Persian word“karvan”和and seray,a palace or enclosed building表示是這兩個(gè)詞的結合體詞為combination,
  【4】C.
  describe根據上一句對與詞Caravanserais的解釋?zhuān)@一句也是表示同義方向的內容,用來(lái)解釋The Perm caravan,這里只有描述這個(gè)詞可以表達詞義。
  【5】C.
  such as groups of people是前面的大范疇的名詞短語(yǔ),而空后面merchants,travellers or pilgrims為小范疇的內容,所以需要表示列舉關(guān)系,只有such as復合語(yǔ)義。
  【6】A.
  construction根據第一段第一句表示Caravanserais……were built可以看到同義句意the construction of the Caravanserais。
  【7】B.
  faced前一句講到safe place,后面Travellers……possibility of being attacked,這里需要一個(gè)動(dòng)詞搭配,帶入可知只有旅行者面臨被襲擊的可能性。
  【8】B.
  subjected根據and的前后語(yǔ)義一致原則,前面提到將面臨襲擊,后面也要接貶義色彩的內容,根據搭配be subjected to表示遭受不好的東西與前面語(yǔ)義色彩一直。
  【9】A.so that前面提到Caravanserais被有計劃的放置,后面接的是they could be reached in a day’s travel time.可以看出前后為因果關(guān)系,只有so that后接結果。
  【10】D.meeting Caravanserais被當作an informal非正式的……point地點(diǎn),前面講到人們在旅行日到達這里,所以這里只能是meeting point見(jiàn)面的地點(diǎn)。
  【11】D.As a result前后提到Caravanserais served as an informal meeting point(Caravanserais被當作一個(gè)非正式會(huì )面的點(diǎn)),空格后接those structures became important centers(這些地方被當作重要的中心),可以得出前后為因果關(guān)系,只有as a result,可以滿(mǎn)足。
  【12】C.
  exchange and前后詞義相近,與interaction”互動(dòng);交往”詞義相近的是exchange“交換;交流”。
  【13】C.
  as well as文中獨立主格中with travelers sharing their cultures,ideas and beliefs,()talking knowledge with them可以看出sharing cultures,ideas and beliefs和后面talking knowledge with them為并列關(guān)系,只有as well as符合正確答案。
  【14】B.
  influencing前面提到sharing their cultures,ideas and beliefs,as well as talking knowledge with them,動(dòng)作the development of several civilizations.帶入只有influence符合語(yǔ)義。
  【15】A.
  aided前面講到Caravanserais were also an important marketplace for commodities表示一個(gè)褒義的色彩,而and后內容需要保持一致,只有aided符合語(yǔ)義色彩。
  【16】B.
  Indeed前一句講的是重要市場(chǎng),后面句子it was frequently the first stop merchants looking to sell their wares也表示售賣(mài)商品,語(yǔ)義一致,只有indeed符合語(yǔ)義。
  【17】D.
  stock up on and前面講到商人賣(mài)貨,后面空格又接了supplies供給只有stock up on儲存符合文義。
  【18】B.
  predicted空格后提到round 120000 to 15000 caravanserais were built,是一個(gè)預估的事情,所以只能選擇predicted.
  【19】D.
  although前后語(yǔ)義完全相反,前后講remain后面講ruins,所以只能選擇although。
  【20】A.
  ruins前面提到……remain today與之在同義語(yǔ)域的只有in ruins“毀滅,消失”。
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